Many people have no dental discomfort during pregnancy. However, the demands on your body while you’re carrying a baby can change your risks for certain conditions that affect your teeth and gums.
Some people develop a condition known as pregnancy gingivitis, which causes swollen, tender gums that may bleed a little when you brush or floss. Higher hormonal levels during pregnancy affect the way your gums react to plaque, the sticky film that builds up on teeth, especially between dental cleanings.
Since gingivitis can lead to more serious forms of gum disease, your dentist will recommend ways to treat any symptoms you are having. You may need more frequent cleanings during pregnancy, or an anti-microbial mouth rinse.
Cavity risks can rise during pregnancy, too. If you are eating more carbohydrates than usual, this offers extra fuel for the bacteria that cause tooth decay. Morning sickness can increase the level of acids in your mouth, causing damage to the shiny, protective coating on your teeth (enamel). Your dentist may recommend rinsing your mouth with a teaspoon of baking soda mixed with water to cleanse away excess acids.