The Top 7 Risk Factors for Oral Cancer

 
Oral cancer screening

You know your dentist is looking for cavities during regular check-ups, but you may not know you're also being screened for cancer at the same time. Oral cancer and cancers of the throat, tonsils and back of the tongue (pharyngeal) strike approximately 40,000 a year.

Regular visits to your dentist can help you detect such cancers early, and changing a few potentially harmful habits may help reduce your chances of developing them. Watch what happens during an oral cancer screening above, then read on to find out the top risk factors.
 
Silhouette of man

Gender

Men are twice more likely to get oral cancer. (They also visit the dentist less.) The American Cancer Society attributes this to higher rates of alcohol and tobacco use by men, but says more men of a younger age are being diagnosed with HPV-related forms of oral cancer.
 
Older man

Age

Your risk for oral cancer greatly increases after age 44. The median age at diagnosis is age 62, but could drop to as young as 52-56 because of the rise of HPV-related cases.

 
Cigarettes in a pack

Tobacco

Whether you smoke it or chew it, tobacco use increases your risk dramatically. Smoking can cause oral cancer, as well as cancer in other parts of the body. Pipe smokers are also at a higher risk for developing cancer in their lips. Smokeless tobacco, like chew, can lead to many issues in your mouth, the most serious being cancer of the cheeks, gums, and lips.
 
Bottles of alcohol

Alcohol

According to the American Cancer Society, 7 of 10 oral cancer patients are heavy drinkers. Heavy drinking, as defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), is an average of two drinks a day or more for men and an average of more than one drink a day for women. If you are a heavy drinker and a heavy smoker, your chances of developing oral cancer increase significantly.

 
HPV

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

The sexually transmitted disease is now associated with some 10,000 cases of oropharyngeal cancer diagnosed each year in the United States, according to the CDC. People who are diagnosed with HPV-related oral cancer tend to be younger and nonsmokers. Although this type is often diagnosed at a later stage because it develops in difficult-to-detect areas, people with HPV-positive cancers have a lower risk of death or recurrence.
 
Sunlight

Sunlight

People who have jobs working outside are more prone to developing lip cancer and should use UV protection.

 

Diet

Poor nutrition also may put you at risk for developing oral cancer. The ADA reports a diet low in fruits and vegetables may increase your chance of developing oral cancer, so add more color to your plate!